Insulin treatment for type 2 diabetes
Insulin treatment helps your body absorb glucose - learn about the different options that can be tailored to your treatment needs.
GLP-1 works with your body’s own ability to lower blood glucose and HbA1c. It helps your body release its own insulin and is designed to respond when your blood glucose rises. Simply put, GLP-1 slows down food leaving your stomach and helps reduce the amount of glucose released from your liver. When your blood glucose is high, it increases the amount of insulin released from your pancreas.
Like all medicines, GLP-1 medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. Common side effects of GLP-1 include:
Low blood glucose (hypoglycemia) is also common when GLP-1 is used with another antidiabetic medicine. Low blood glucose is more likely to happen if you also take a sulfonylurea or insulin.
For a complete list of side effects, see the Patient Information leaflet that comes with your GLP-1 pack.
Nausea and diarrhoea usually go away over time. There are no general solutions or proven tricks that can make side effects disappear, but here are some ideas.
If you are experiencing nausea, try to:
If you are experiencing diarrhoea, try to:
Please note that these tips aim to reduce side effects and are not indications for a long term diet.
If nausea OR diarrhoea persists or you have questions about your side effects, speak to your doctor about your experience. Your doctor may help you develop a balanced eating plan and make sure you respond correctly to the side effects.
Nausea and diarrhoea could also be caused by something unrelated to GLP-1 injections. Therefore, you should inform your doctor when these symptoms occur.