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Your diabetes care team will be able to provide the best guidance for how to manage your newly diagnosed condition. Please always consult with your doctor prior to making any changes to your diabetes management.

The information below is general disease awareness and does not replace medical guidance.  

It’s normal to feel overwhelmed, confused and shocked when newly diagnosed with diabetes. 

After you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may wish to research your condition. Whether you’ve been newly diagnosed with type 1, type 2, gestational or your child has been diagnosed with diabetes, it may be useful to read further guidance related to the diagnosis. 

Gathering an overview of life with diabetes is an important first step on the road to managing you or your child’s condition. 

Are you aware of the cardiovascular risk associated with diabetes?

People with type 2 diabetes are 2-3 times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke compared to someone living without diabetes.3,4

Learn how you can potentially reduce the risk.

Read more about "Living with diabetes"

Living with diabetes

Living with diabetes

How do you manage your lifestyle when it comes to diabetes? Whether it be nutrition or exercise, we have gathered tips and articles to help you manage your diabetes.

Treatment of diabetes
1 min. read

Treatment of diabetes

Lifestyle and various diabetes medications all play key roles in living with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Causes of diabetes 

If you’re newly diagnosed with diabetes, there’s a good chance you’re wondering how on earth you got into this situation in the first place. While there’s no common diabetes cause, there are a multitude of triggers (sometimes working together) that can lead to a diabetes diagnosis.  

Type 1 diabetes triggers:  

  • Genes 
  • Environmental factors 
  • Viral/bacterial infection 
  • Chemical toxins (sometimes in food) 

Type 2 diabetes triggers: 

  • Family history 
  • Obesity 
  • Physical inactivity 
  • Increasing age 
  • Poor diet 
  • Pregnancy 

In short, a diabetes diagnosis could have its roots in genetic makeup, family history, environmental factors and even ethnicity. 5,6

What should I consider?

No matter which type of diabetes you’ve been diagnosed with, there are certain things you can consider which may help with managing your condition.

  • Watch your carbs  
    Once eaten, carbohydrates are broken down by the body and turned into glucose. As a person with diabetes, you need to carefully manage your blood sugar levels and ensure they stay below a dangerous level. Managing your carbohydrate intake is a great way to do this.

  • Be mindful of portion size  
    A low glycaemic index (GI) diet can help you manage blood sugar levels and managing the quantity of food you eat is certainly a great start when it comes to reducing your sugar intake.

  • Move your body  
    Exercise is a recommended way to move glucose out of your blood and into your cells. Try to map out an exercise routine that’ll fit into your everyday life and slowly increase your physical fitness 7

Alongside medication and/or insulin treatment plans, the above lifestyle changes can go a long way when it comes to managing diabetes. Always speak with your healthcare professional to ensure the changes you are making are right for you and your treatment plan. 

Test your blood sugar levels

Depending on the stage and type of your diabetes, your doctor may recommend that you test your blood glucose levels, to monitor your diabetes progress.

Blood sugar levels can be tested in several ways: 

  • Finger-prick test  
    Pierce the skin with a small needle (lancet) to draw blood for testing.

  • Flash glucose monitor   
    Small sensor worn under the skin that can be scanned for a blood sugar level reading.

  • Continuous glucose monitor  
    Small device under the skin that continuously measures your blood sugar levels and relays data to a device. Learn about continual glucose monitoring, digital health and diabetes.

How a diabetes care team can help

Remember, you’re not alone! It takes a team of dedicated healthcare professionals to ensure you’re keeping on top of your diabetes, and everyone’s there to ensure you lead a ‘normal’ life.

Going from hardly having any contact with healthcare workers to liaising with a team of professionals may be slightly alarming at first. Below are just some of the friendly faces who could help tailor your diabetes treatment plan:

  • Primary care doctor 
  • Endocrinologist 
  • Foot doctor 
  • Pharmacist 
  • Eye doctor  
  • Nurse 
  • Dietitian 
  • Diabetes educator

Regular visits with your diabetes care team not only helps you manage every aspect of living with diabetes but also provides a real sense of comfort knowing you’re in good hands. 

Related articles about managing diabetes

  1. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Atlas 10th Edition, 2021. Available from: https://diabetesatlas.org/idfawp/resource-files/2021/07/IDF_Atlas_10th_Edition_2021.pdf. Last accessed: May 2022.
  2. Mosenzon O, et al. CAPTURE: a multinational, cross-sectional study of cardiovascular disease prevalence in adults with type 2 diabetes across 13 countries. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2021; 20:154.
  3. Almdal T, Scharling H, Jensen JS, Vestergaard H. The independent effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus on ischemic heart disease, stroke, and death: a population-based study of 13,000 men and women with 20 years of follow-up. Arch Intern Med 2004; 164:1422–1426.
  4. Fox CS, Coady S, Sorlie PD, et al. Trends in cardiovascular complications of diabetes. JAMA 2004; 292:2495–2499.
  5. NIDDK. Type 1 diabetes. Available from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/what-is-diabetes/type-1-diabetes. Last accessed: May 2022.
  6. NIDDK. Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes. Available from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/risk-factors-type-2-diabetes. Last accessed: May 2022.
  7. NIDDK. Diabetes Diet, Eating, & Physical Activity. Available from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/diet-eating-physical-activity. Last accessed: May 2022.
  8. American Diabetes Association. Blood Sugar and Exercise. Available from: https://www.diabetes.org/healthy-living/fitness/getting-started-safely/blood-glucose-and-exercise. Last accessed: May 2022